This phase encompasses more of the long-term effects that the victim may suffer. Harassment and perceptions of safety among women. Journal of Social Issues, 57 1 Culturally common and often condoned in the U.
Furthermore, it is important to remember that though men are the main perpetrators of the sexual objectification of women, they are also exposed to it and experience it. Prolonged exposure to sexual objectification may also contribute to insidious trauma which is marked by psychological trauma symptoms that occur due to lifelong exposure to microaggressions Miles-McLean et al.
Reduced states of productivity and flow. Regardless, this type of crime can have extreme effects on the victim. This phase "may be expressed several hours or even days after the crime" Bard and Sangrey,pg.
The third and final phase is called the reorganization phase; the victim becomes "reorganized over time and assimilates the painful experience" Bard and Sangrey,pg.
The ISOS measure simultaneously implies and supports the assertion that when women experience these culturally normalized microaggressions, they are indeed being sexually objectified by the perpetrator. They may also suffer from nightmares, as well as, flashbacks after the attack has occurred.
Protecting social status in the context of gender hierarchy. They often ask themselves "why did I go there by myself? During this phase, the victim may also suffer from extreme loneliness Bard and Sangrey,pg. Forced sexual assault frequently causes visible bruising or bleeding in and around the vaginal or anal area and bruises on other parts of the body from coercive violence.
Advertisements, television shows, movies, music videos, printed media, and pornography all rampantly depict sexually objectifying images of women.
Advances to theory and research. Forms of Sexual Objectification Women frequently face sexual objectification in daily interpersonal interactions and through the active and passive consumption of multimedia.
The literature at hand is informative, but it is merely a platform whose roots and implications must be explored further. The most common and lasting effects of rape involve mental health concerns and diminished social confidence.
Often, rape trauma syndrome follows a different set of reactions and different types of phases than those previously mentioned. University of California Press. Samantha Gluck The effects of rape can include both the initial physical trauma as well as deep psychological trauma. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37 1 In the second phase, called the recoil stage, the victim struggles "to adapt to the violation and tries to reintegrate their fragmented selves" Bard and Sangrey,pg.
They often experience shock, which has a sudden and powerful effect on emotions and physical reactions, or denial, which is a state of mind marked by a refusal or inability to recognize and deal with what has occurred Bard and Sangrey,pg.The traumatic effects of rape vary from mild to severe, from psychological to physical.
This paper will evaluate rape, as well as the effects it has on women, the theory behind male dominance and patriarchy, and differences in demographics. The term sexual trauma is used based on clinical observations that some survivors do not label their experiences as rape or assault due to familiarity with the perpetrator or the absence of force.
Childhood sexual trauma is associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide, alcohol problems, and eating disorders. Regardless, this type of crime can have extreme effects on the victim.
Sexual assault is a traumatic event that can cause extreme psychological effects on the victim. These effects can be short-term, and they can manifest themselves into long-term effects, depending on the individual and how the sexual assault occurred.4/4(1).
The effects of sexism, gender microaggressions, and other forms of discrimination on women’s mental health and development. In P. K. Lundberg-Love, K. L. Nadal & M. A. Paludi (Eds.), Women and mental disorders (pp.
). Psychological Effects of Rape. Victims experience both short and long-term psychological effects of rape. One of the most common psychological consequences of rape is self-blame. Victims use self-blame as an avoidance-based coping tool. Self-blame slows or, in many cases, stops the healing process.
The Physical and Psychological Effects of Rape on Women Essay A national random survey of college women found that one in four had experienced rape or attempted rape in their lifetime and 84% of the women knew their attacker (Koss, Gidycz, and Wisniewski, ) (Campbell and Wasco, ).Download